10 Best Piano Exercises for Beginners

Student practising the basic piano exercises.

It may be disconcerting to begin learning to play the piano. It takes a great deal of patience, energy, and physical aptitude to master the piano. Novice pianists need to get a set of piano-playing related workouts & practices that will help in their musically and technically improvement as they go through the levels. While there is a profusion of exercises to select from when warming up and developing technical abilities, some are not appropriate for beginning players.

A beginner’s piano workouts offer material for improving essential piano playing skills, which may help the novice pianist get started. Using a simple, straightforward pattern intended to put your hands on the keys, you may begin developing your keyboard visibility, finger proficiency, and piano technique through practicing and exercises.

List of Piano Exercises Every Beginner Must Learn

Beginner pianists should constantly practice their musicality, reading aptitudes, rhythms, and other skills in parallel to hitting the keys. Review any of these exercises in our article and determine how these exercises assist novice pianists in progressing adequately!

1) Warm-up Exercises

It is a unique exercise, and it is not executed immediately on a piano keyboard. It’s an exercise to warm up your body, hand, and fingers before placing your hands on the piano keys. It demonstrates how to extend your shoulders, head, and fingers so that you may warm up your muscle and tendons and play for a more extended period of time on the piano.

2) Hands Independence Exercise

When we first learned how to play the piano, our minds are not accustomed to executing multiple tasks simultaneously. It is one of the most challenging piano exercises for novices to achieve independence of the hands-on keyboard. It is obtained by performing proportionally. 

After producing anything with pinpoint accuracy with the left hand, it becomes unfeasible doing the same thing with the right hand. In this regard, the piano is among the most complex musical instruments to learn for new pianists.

However, some activities may help you increase your independence in the hands. By focusing on them, you will train your mind to react symmetrically, significantly enhancing your piano musicianship.

It assists you in dissociating your hands via an exercise that focuses on chord progressions on one hand as well as arpeggios on the other hand. After you have perfected the practices, you may switch the functions of the hands. The hand that played the chords will now play the arpeggios or vice – versa.

3) The Five Finger Scale

Although this seems to be an essential exercise, it can be very difficult for rookies, so don’t be discouraged if it takes you very little time to catch the grip of it. We’re just going up five notes and drop back again. Begin by playing each hand independently, then gradually advance to playing both hands simultaneously.

The most important thing to remember in this exercise is control. Make sure that you are exerting constant pressure as soon as you feel confident and in control. You may begin to work on progressively increasing your pace.

The next stage in this practice will be to alter the way you uniquely play every note. Consider the following example: you will play softly (legato) with your left hand, then sharply with your right hand (staccato). Once gone up and down, you can interchange hands.

A broader point of advice for this exercise is to vary the pace of the rhythmic patterns. To clarify, I am referring to the fact where each hand will be hitting distinct length notes. Your left hand will play quarters notes, whereas your right hand will be playing eighth notes. It implies that for every note you play with your left hand, you will play two notes in your right hand. Please note to exchange hands once again.

4) Major and Minor Scales

When pianists have mastered the five-finger positions, adding entire scales into the repertoire is advisable. The quickest and most straightforward method of introducing scales is to examine the half steps and whole steps.

The WWHWWWH sequence is used to represent a standard major scale pattern. It is a visual workout that beginner pianists may practice. Some gurus encourage their learners to play the scale with their index finger alone at first to learn to recognize which notes have to be tapped and how to determine the distance over the half and wholly steps.

The fingering skill technique will be the next step to be learned. The majority of the time, scales are played with a similar fingering pattern. A standard right hand has the numerals 12312345, whereas the left hand contains the same digits but in a reverse way, resulting in figure 54321321.

Minor scales are approached similarly to major scales, except that the pattern will now be WHWWHWW alternately. While there are many other variants of the minor scale, the natural minor is the one that a beginner’s pianist should be focused on the most.

5) The Claw Exercise

Clawing your way through this workout is a good idea. Making a claw form from your first, third, and fifth fingers and placing it on the C chord is the objective of this exercise. The point is to apply maximal tension with all three fingers simultaneously to get a solid hold on them. Slowly and with the maximal amount of tension in your fingers, start playing a two-octave scale accentuated in twos. Please do it for five to ten minutes to ensure that your flexor muscles are wholly engaged and exercised.

6) Chords Exercises

These exercises will teach you to play major 3-note chords in a variety of different ways. To start, put your right-hand thumb at middle C, middle finger on E, as well as a little finger on G on the keyboard. For your left hand, position your little finger on C of the scale beneath, your middle finger on E, then your thumb on G on the keyboard.

Now, simultaneously hit all six notes on your piano. Using both hands, you have just played the D major chord. To strike the subsequent chords, try to exercise all of your fingers one note higher to produce the following note. Once you’ve reached the C chord, you may repeat the practice by lowering the pitch of every chord by one note. As with another piano exercise, you should start gently and progressively increase the pace of your playing.

7) Repetition Exercises

It is essential to play the piano with agility and flexibility, as well as with repetitions. It is generally a wise practice to play the same note with the same finger multiple times. The thumb, index finger, and middle finger are used to execute this workout when the fallboard is closed. After starting in one place, you’ll replicate the fingers patterns of 123 and then go up the position and perform the same process again.

Then, if you are comfortable on the fallboard, start to open your instrument and give it a go on the actual piano keyboard. You begin with the key of C and playing a sequence of six eighth notes while rotating the fingers. The pattern will be spelled down as 123,123. Then you go up to the note D, and afterward E, and F, repeating the fingers swaps.

It gets more challenging to keep track of the notes you’re playing when practicing partial chords such as thirds and fifths, or octaves. Start imagining that you are playing piano by moving your hands down and up the keys, and afterward, open the piano up again to test it out on the keys. Prudent fingering and appropriate hand placement are essential for successful repetitions.

8) Playing Partial Chords

The majority of beginner’s piano music uses partial chords rather than complete triads or sophisticated harmonies. You could try new things with several of the Hanon Exercises they may be very beneficial in this field. Rookie pianists will have the most challenging time with partial chords and a cluster of second, thirds, or open fifths.

For example, one of the exercises a trainer teaches their students is, to begin with, a single note and afterward adding the second, thirds, fourths, and fifths noted. After that, they let them perform the same practice in reverse order, beginning with fifths and finishing with the one pitch at the end.

This instrument aims to try out with forte and piano dynamics to get a whole, deep tone. The more the rookie pianists execute this exercise, the more at ease they will be when they encounter those various partial chords in their repertory. This practice is beneficial when transitioning via open fifth towards an interval of a second.

9) Shadow Playing

When it comes to novice pianists, shadow playing is a very efficient method of exercise. It necessitates shutting the piano fallboard and playing notes on the sheet even without the keyboard in front of you. When it comes to touch, distance measurement, and anticipatory fingering, shadow playing is challenging to master. 

Whereas pianists can do this by pressing the keys quietly, It is typically found out it is more effective to take away the keys from the situation entirely. It’s generally acceptable to let yourself shadow play the whole eight-measure passage since starter piano music is basic. Whenever you feel confident in your counts, open up your piano and direct yourself to place your hand placements on the keyboard.

Once you have done that, you should be capable of performing the identical musical passage on the piano as you played on the fallboard with hardly any errors on the actual keys.

Taking away the distractions of tones and gazing at the piano keys is what shadow playing is good at doing. Piano players may now devote their full attention to the essential elements of the music, such as the timing and counting, the interval, and the feeling of independent fingers.

10) Arpeggios or a Broken Chord Exercise

When training an arpeggio, it is best to begin at a slow and steady tempo. Do play at a quicker pace if you are familiar with the rhythm at which you are practicing. You will be required to play notes 1, 2, 3, as well as 5 with your right hand, whereas you will play notes 5, 4, 2, and 1 with your left hand. Playing these two distinct notes at the same interval will result in a particular melody. The broken chords will be no problem when you initially learn to play minor and major scales.

How to Integrate This Technique into Your Practicing?

Exercising should not be done for several hours every day. It is one of the most vital training. However, you only require exercising on it for 30 minutes every day to get back the tranquillity feeling in your body. During the entire exercise period, you will also be dealing with the relaxation of your body whenever you are playing the instrument.

In time, as you practice your compositions, you will be able to tell the difference between when you are comfortable and playing with an excellent tone and when you aren’t. Keep your tone as consistent as possible within your composition. Scales, Hanon, and etudes are some of the most advanced piano workouts that you may do from this point on. But first and foremost, learn this basic exercise, and the rest will follow.


These exercises range in complexity and skills level. However, don’t be concerned if any of them are too tough for you at this time. Practice as much as you can and keep practicing to improve your skills. After that, you may go to the next level. A tiny amount of exercise every day will make a significant impact over the long term.

Hopefully, you consider these piano workouts useful in your learning process as you master playing the piano. By exercising accurate practice by applying these piano workouts regularly, you will significantly improve your skills to play the piano skillfully in no time. Keep in mind that the key to unlocking success is to remain consistent.

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